Address on “The Constitution of India”
Prof. Babu Mathew

Visiting faculty, National Law School India University

St. Joseph’s College of Law celebrated the Constitution Day or the National Law Day to commemorate the adoption of the Indian Constitution. Few students from the college made a presentation also provided for a critical analysis of the document .

Prof. Babu Mathew, a visiting faculty at the National Law School India University delivered an address on The Constitution of India.He described constitutionalism as the understanding not just the letter of the constitution but the spirit of the constitution. He urged the students to not indulge in positivist or subscribe to the pure science of law school while trying to understand the underlying principles and values of the constitution.

According to Prof. Mathew the Constitution derives its values from the Indian Independence Struggle. He that the unique component of the movement was its non-violent nature. Owing to the scale of the movement, Prof. Mathew described the struggle to be of an epochal scale. The Indian Independence struggle unlike other mass movements was a peaceful and nonviolent movement. While speaking of the struggle, he spoke of how the movement provided a platform for all leaders to find a common minimum ground.

Though the struggle for Indian Independence laid foundation for the development of the constitutional values the role of the constituent assembly cannot be undermined. Prof. Mathew emphasized the role of the assembly especially that of Dr.B R Ambedkar. According to Prof. Mathew, the reason that the constitution of India has proven to be successful in standing the test of time is that it is a product of consensus. The constitution assembly debated and discussed at length about each provision that would be a part of the Indian Constitution and the intent of the constitution was highlighted in the Objective Resolution that was unanimously adopted by the assembly. To substantiate his claims Prof. Mathew used the assistance of certain words and ideologies such as the One Nation Theory, Republic etc. and discussed how they have been defined in the constituent assembly debates.

The address delivered by Prof. Mathew was significant in understanding the various provisions of the Indian constitution. However, Prof. Mathew ended his speech by drawing attention towards the danger and threats that the Constitution faces in today’s time and age.

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